The winter Olympics have started. I like the Olympics. There is something special about an event that only occurs every 4 years where the participants train their entire lives for perhaps one defining moment. pyeongchang-2018The Olympic event happens in various locations around the world. It is enjoyable to learn about the diverse cultures and see the beautiful sights the world has to offer.

I like the timed and racing events better than the judged event. The human element of judging adds some uncertainty that lowers my interest level. I do enjoy the entertainment value of events like ski jumping and snowboarding. My favorite Olympic event by far is downhill skiing. I like the idea of skiing on the edge to get down the hill as fast as possible. Push the edge too far and the skier will crash. The speed of this race is breathtaking with skiers hitting 80-90 mph.

My initiation to downhill skiing occurred while watching the 1976 Innsbruck Olympics.  I was 15 years old and it would be 3 more years before I would go on my first ski trip, so I was watching this event as a complete novice. These Olympics were held in Innsbruck, Franz-Klammer_250x300Austria, where downhill skiing is like the Super Bowl in the USA. The top Austrian hope for the downhill was Fanz Klammer. The pressure on Klammer to win the downhill for his native Austria was immense. Klammer was set for his final run and he was .5 seconds behind Swiss skier Bernard Russi’s blistering pace. Klammer took incredible risks on his final run. He looked like he was constantly on the edge of a major crash. It was almost like Klammer was putting his life on the line to win the gold medal for his country. Klammer beat Russi, won the gold medal and moved on to become a legend in the sports world.

Watching the video of Klammer’s gold medal ski run still inspires me today. I learned several important lessons from this event. First, I learned that winter sports are awesome. As a person born and raised in the mostly snowless southern USA, I had never attempted activities like snow skiing and watching Klammer’s run motivated me to begin a lifelong love for this sport. Second, and most impactful, Klammer’s 1976 gold medal in the Olympics taught me that there are times when we need to throw caution to the wind and go for it. While we can’t constantly pull out all the stops due to limited energy and common sense, there are opportunities to put all we have into a task. When we put everything on the line there is an enormous risk of failure, but the reward is worth the risk.

An example of “putting it all on the line,” is a career defining career project. For me this was the development of a new, revolutionary for the time, desktop computer in the mid-1990s. The company’s success was on the line with this product and my team and I put our hearts and souls into its development. While we all worked very long hours during this time I distinctly remember spending all night in a factory while my team tried to sort out a manufacturing issue. The team was able to overcome the various obstacles and launch the product. This product ended up being one of the most successful in the company’s history. Clearly none of us could have kept up this relentless work schedule for long, but we recognized this project as a defining moment and a time to be “all in.”

How do we recognize these Franz Klammer or “all in” moments? Identifying the stakes is a critical first step. Ask yourself if the project or event is important. Not just important, but critical. These events can fall under the categories of personal, professional or spiritual. Some people take the safe route and are hesitant to risk going “all in” on anything. Always taking the safe path and never risking anything is failure tainted with the bad taste of regret. Achieving remarkable things calls for greater risk. Garth Brooks sings a song called “The Dance.” In this song the singer is racked with pain from a break-up, but in the end would not change a thing because he would have missed “The Dance,” or the experience. As I have mentioned in previous blogs, we grow from failures. It is important to have the courage to risk failure. Equally important is to learn how to deal and grow with failure.

I hope you are able to watch some of the Olympics and learn from the folks “putting it all on the line.”


It has been 32 years since the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded upon liftoff. It is one of those “remember where you were when this event happened” moments. On January 28, 1986 I was working as a Software Engineer at Nixdorf Computer. Even during this pre-ubiquitous internet time, we found out that something major had happened to the Space Shuttle launch. We turned on a television and begin watching the replay of the explosion. I remember thinking, there is no way anyone survived that event. We were all speechless and in shock. The entire nation was in shock. How could this happen to the US Space program?

I have been a space geek for most of my life.  I slept under a Friendship 7 blanket and owned a scale model of the Apollo Saturn 5 rocket.

I have vague memories of another Apollo 1 disaster that occurred in 1967. The Apollo command module was being tested with the astronauts locked in the capsule breathing pure oxygen. There was some sort of spark and all three astronauts died in a horrible fire.

The Space Shuttle was the space transportation system that followed the Apollo and Sky-lab programs. It looked more like and airplane than a traditional rocket. Much of the Space Shuttle was designed to be reusable to save costs and speed launch turnaround time. By 1986, NASA was touting the routine nature of space flight and they were signing up more civilian astronauts. The idea was, space travel is safe enough for everyone. This January 1986 Challenger mission was the launch vehicle for the teacher in space, Christine McAuliffe.

It was a cold day in Florida on January 28th, 1986 with the temperature hovering just above freezing. There were areas of concern regarding a cold weather launch. One area in particular was the O-rings on the solid rocket boosters. These rings were designed to expand and seal the dangerous gases inside the booster. In the cold weather the O-rings did not expand as much, allowing hot gas to escape the booster and burn into the liquid oxygen tanks leading to the devastating explosion.

There were engineers who knew the risk of launching in cold weather was too high. Through ineffective communication channels and a heavy dose of “launch fever,” the message was never efficaciously delivered to the decision makers. These folks involved were highly intelligent professionals who gave in to flawed group think and human frailties. It is easy to look back at this and condemn those involved. Certainly, these folks ultimately bore the responsibility, but in my view, there was a complete failure of the senior leadership team.

Today space travel has moved from a wholly government managed endeavor to a combination of private industry and government. I am amazed at what SpaceX has been able to accomplish and believe they have a bright future.  I am starting to hear talk about space travel becoming routine to the point that the general public can buy a ticket and take a ride like air travel. This idea concerns me even 32 years after the Challenger disaster.

Space is an incredibly harsh environment. An argument can be made the human beings simply do not belong in space. Still, the human spirit demands to explore. Exploration is a good thing. Many of the technologies we enjoy today were born out of the Space Program. Because space is such a harsh environment, the margin for success is razor thin. I am concerned we may be heading for another Challenger like disaster if too much emphasis is placed on making space travel routine. Maybe someday space travel will become routine, but I don’t think we are there now. I certainly hope the current folks leading the space program have learned the hard lessons from the Challenger disaster.

I am ready for the US to regain the ability to launch astronauts. Depending on the Russians to send our astronauts to space doesn’t seem like a sustainable plan. It is taking NASA, SpaceX and Boeing much longer to develop a human travel capability than anticipated.

The space program requires enormous amounts of funding. Many people believe these funds could be better used elsewhere. I am a proponent of the space program, assuming there is an agreed upon, meaningful objective. For too long NASA has been swimming in a sea of fuzzy and evolving objectives. Perhaps it is time for another Kennedy moment to focus the US space program on an inspiring objective.

What do you think of the space program? Is the program on track? Do you think spending tax money on the space program is a wise investment?

Make the most of this day!


I made another trip to Taiwan this past September. As you will see from this article, Taiwan holds a special place in my heart and I believe it makes a wonderful vacation destination. I have been traveling to Taiwan since 1998 and lived there for 1 year in 2012. Taiwan is a well-kept travel destination secret. When I travel to Taiwan, most folks think I am in China or Japan, some think I am in Thailand. Taiwan is an island nation off the coast of China. Taiwan’s history and culture are intertwined with China and Japan. In fact, China considers Taiwan as part of their sovereign nation. Because of their varied history, Taiwan is rich with culture and tradition.

Taiwan contains a wonderful mix of big city experiences and natural adventures. Taipei is the capital of Taiwan and is the largest city. Taipei is a mixture of a modern city with some local flair. The Taipei 101 building dominates the skyline. Up until a few years ago the Taipei 101, at 1670 feet, was the tallest building in the world. It no longer holds this title, but it is still an impressive sight. The architecture is unique, and its symbol has come to represent modern Taiwan. A trip to the top of the Taipei 101 is a must do for the first-time visitor. The view is amazing and understanding the engin2012-12-25 17.14.02eering of a building that can withstand earthquakes and typhoons is very interesting.

Another must see in Taipei is the National Palace Museum. This amazing museum contains many Chinese treasures Chiang Kai Shek absconded with when he fled to Taiwan in 1949. This museum contains some of the best Chinese art and artifacts in the world.

The night markets in Taipei are a sensory overload. These markets are crowded with people and offer exotic shopping and street dining. There are several night markets in Taipei. The Shilin night market is my favorite.

Speaking of food, the cuisine in Taiwan is awesome. Since several culinary cultures have come together to form modern day Taiwan, the food choices are endless. The dim sum is a great place to start with Din Tai Fung being an important stop. 2012-12-25 12.45.52The Chinese and Japanese food in Taiwan is some of the best I have ever eaten. Plan on eating some special meals during your visit to Taiwan.

If you like hiking, Taiwan is the place to visit in Asia. The terrain is mountainous with an almost endless supply of well-maintained hiking trails near Taipei. I lived near a place called Elephant Mountain. I hiked to the top of this mountain several times a week. The wonderful thing about Elephant Mountain is the view of Taipei.IMG_1944 For longer and more intense hikes, Yangmingshan National Park is just a short distance from Taipei. When hiking in Taiwan remember it is usually hot and always humid. It is very important to bring more than enough water with you. I always carried a small towel to wipe off the seemingly endless supply of sweat.

There are plenty of great travel destinations outside of Taipei. I recommend  Sun Moon Lake as a beautiful getaway from the hustle and bustle of Taipei. This is a lake located in central Taiwan. I stayed in a hotel on the water. We took a boat trip across the island to an aboriginal town. We also went on a hike around the lake. There is plenty to do at Sun Moon Lake.

2013-01-04 12.32.28I have also visited Kenting, Taiwan. Kenting is at the southernmost point in Taiwan. This is a beach town with plenty of resort type activities. There is also a beautiful lighthouse near Kenting.

One area on my Taiwan bucket list is Taroko Gorge. I have heard wonderful things about this place from the locals. It is a bit more complicated to travel to Taroko Gorge, but the word is, it is worth the trip.

Taiwan is an easy place to visit for English speakers, and probably anyone else. The country is very modern, and crime is almost not existent. The transportation infrastructure is awesome. The Subway, or MRT, is vast and nearly always runs on schedule. The taxi service is reliable and affordable. During my last trip I discover Uber has now been introduced to Taiwan. The only mode of transportation that has challenged me is the bus. Unless you happen to know where you are via landmarks, you are likely to miss your stop a few times before sorting it all out.

Finally, what makes Taiwan very special is its people. The Taiwanese are some of the most friendly and respectful people I have ever encountered. Taiwanese are very helpful to tourists, even if they don’t speak your language, they will try to help.

If you are looking for an effortless way to experience vast elements of Asian culture, I highly recommend traveling to Taiwan!

Make the most of this day!


National Baseball Hall of Fame


The calendar tells me I am getting to the end of the best Major League Baseball year of my life. Did I mention the Astros won the world series? What better way to cap off this awesome year than to take a trip to Cooperstown, New York and visit the National Baseball Hall of Fame? The only think I could think of was taking my son with me on the trip.

As sort of a last-minute plan, we decided to make the pilgrimage to Cooperstown. Cooperstown is a wonderful place, but it is not easy to get there. With only 3 days to make the trip from Houston, obviously we were flying. The commercial airport choices for Cooperstown are Albany, New York City, and Boston. Albany is the closest, but is by far the most expensive. New York City is a little over 3 hours away by car, but the air fare to all New York airports was very high. Boston is 4 hours from Cooperstown and the December air fare was reasonable. I was also able to get a rental car for $8 per day from a reputable company.

We arrived in Boston on a Friday afternoon and begin the 4-hour drive. I have been to Boston many times but somehow forgot about the dense and congested roadways. It took us a while to get out of the city. Once on the Mass Pike, the driving was much easier. One complicating factor is the Massachusetts toll roads. There is no longer a cash option to pay tolls in Massachusetts. Supposedly they take a photo of the license plate and bill you later. My rental company indicated I could just pay the tolls later, but, there was also mentioned a lurking administration fee. I found out at the counter that this fee was $45. For me it made sense to rent an EZ Pass sensor for $4 per day, especially since we were also driving in New York. Each situation is different, but it is important to decide how you will manage tolls when driving a rental car in Massachusetts and New York.

I was concerned about the December weather in upstate New York. We were blessed with very cold temperatures, but very little snow. The roads were okay in most places. Google maps did take me on a “shortcut” over a dark, snow covered road. We were okay, but I probably should have listened to my common sense more than Google Maps.

We stayed at the Holiday Inn Express in Cooperstown, it was located about 1 mile outside of town. The hotel is fairly new and was just fine as it met my criteria of free WiFi, breakfast, and parking.

Cooperstown is a beautiful town, particularly when it is covered in snow. I have often wondered why a shrine like the Baseball Hall of Fame is in such a remote location. Once you arrive in Cooperstown, it all makes sense. Seeing the Hall of Fame building in this small-town setting makes the occasion all the more memorable.

For any baseball fan, the National Baseball Hall of Fame Museum is the top of the mark. Baseball is an old sport steeped in rich history and tradition. Most of that history is on display at the museum. Replica is not a word seen very often in the Hall of Fame Museum. Everything is the real deal. You find yourself suddenly looking at Babe Ruth’s bat, Walter Johnson’s glove or Hank Aaron’s uniform. Observing the actual implements of great baseball feats seems to directly connect the visitor with the event. For the baseball fan, this place makes history come alive like nothing else. We also visited the actual Hall of Fame where we saw the plaques of recent Astro inductees Craig Biggio and Jeff Bagwell.

IMG_20171216_150247.jpg                                                 IMG_20171216_150151.jpg

We spent the entire day at the Hall of Fame, which was just enough time. After making our souvenir purchase, we started the 4-hour drive back to Boston.

Finding a reasonably priced Hotel in Boston was more challenging. The hardest part was finding a suitable location combined with free parking. We settled on TownPlace Suites in Chelsea. This hotel was in a terrific location. The only issue was their WiFi was quirky.

Our one baseball related activity in Boston was touring Fenway Park. I have seen 3 baseball games in Fenway, but never been on a tour. Our tour started at 10am at gate D in front of Fenway. Parking at Fenway in December is easy. It was a frigid day, but we were dressed warmly for the tour. The tour guide was a lifelong Red Sox fan and spoke reverently and enthusiastically about Fenway. The highlight for me was touring the visitors’ locker room where the Astros held their celebration after winning the ALDS. Fenway seems much smaller than it appears on television. Given the trend towards building modern baseball stadiums, Fenway is a unique national treasure that can be enjoyed by all.

For the rest of the time we visited some typical Boston tourist sites. We toured The Old North Church, Bunker Hill, Old State House, USS Constitution, Kennedy Presidential Museum, and Faneuil Hall. We used Uber/Lyft to travel to most of these sites as the parking was very limited.

We also ate some great food while in Boston. One item of note was the lobster roll and clam chowder at Belle Island Seafood. The food was excellent, and the location is right on the water. Note this restaurant only takes cash.

A visit to the Baseball Hall of Fame is a must for any fan of the game. It is a bit of a challenge to getting to Cooperstown, but well worth the effort.

Make the most of this day!


Impulse Buy

It is that time of the year when people spend money buying gifts for friends and loved ones. The other day I saw an advertisement from my Credit Union for a loan to help pay for Christmas Gifts. This disturbing message got me to thinking about gift giving and, in particular, the idea of impulse buying. Before getting into the heart of my thoughts, let me be clear, borrowing money to buy Christmas gifts is a really bad idea. By now you probably know I frown upon acquiring any debt, but I understand the occasional need of a house, car or paying for an illness. Borrowing money to purchase Christmas gifts doesn’t make sense at any level.

Now back to our regularly scheduled program. I don’t think of myself as an impulse buyer. In fact, my family will say I take way too long to make most purchases. You see, I like to research products to find the best value. With the internet, there is almost an endless supply of product information and reviews available to the discerning buyer. Many times, the search for the perfect product is more interesting to me than the acquiring the actual product. After making my purchase, I am disappointed because the search has ended.

Recently my methodical shopping instincts flew completely off the rails. After the Astros won the World Series, I become strangely obsessed with memorabilia.  The day after the series win I found myself wildly purchasing hats and shirts. This free-for-all continued with the purchase of several Sports Illustrated covers and a poster. I knew I hit the wall when I bought an Astros Christmas ornament from, wait for it, The Bradford Exchange.

Astros Ornament

What caused my usual methodical shopping methods to go so far awry? I got caught up in the emotion of the Astros World Series victory. I never wanted the good feeling of winning to fade away. Weddings, the birth of a child, and vacations are other events where there is risk of extreme impulse buying.

Some people struggle with impulse buying on a daily basis. Retailers are acutely aware of this phenomenon and do their best to instigate such spending activity. Impulse buying is the reason many people end up in severe and unmanageable debt. Is all impulse spending bad? I don’t think so, occasionally spending money driven by emotions is a good thing. Impulse buying crosses the line when it causes debt or damages our financial stability. Emotional spending is okay, but it must be balanced by a sense of the value or need of the purchase. Our financial ability to make the purchase is also a critical component.

As with anything else in life, impulse buying is okay if only practiced occasionally and is checked by the reality of our financial plan or otherwise known as a budget. Even though I temporarily lost control with my spending on Astros memorabilia, I feel good about my frivolous expenditures. The Astros World Series win was a huge emotional event for me, so it was okay to go crazy for a while. Eventually I was able to balance my temporary passion for overspending with the reality that I had spent enough money on Astros stuff. Are you an out of control impulse buyer? If so, now is a great time to create a budget for 2018!  Not sure where to start in creating your budget? Listed below are a few web sites that can get you started.




Start your 2018 budget today.

Make the most of this day!


I received a Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welder for my birthday this past year. The fact that I had another birthday is not that great, the fact that I now have a welder is very cool. You see, I have some stuff I need to weld. Mostly welders are just awesome. It has been a long time since I have welded. Although I have always loved the idea of welding, I had an incident way back in high school that suppressed my welding urge for many decades. Despite the excitement regarding my birthday present, this prehistoric incident has slowed down my engagement with the new welder.

When I was in high school, we had to take either art, shop or band. The high school art teacher told me not to sign up for art. Apparently, she knew the middle school art teacher well and they discussed my very limited artistic potential. For some reason, I was not interested in band at the time. I leaned towards shop classes because I liked to work on cars.

Selecting shop meant taking classes in drafting, wood shop and metal shop. Drafting and wood shop went okay, although I was not good at drafting and I saw a kid get his finger cut off by a bandsaw in wood shop. I will never forget the looks we students gave each other when our teacher told us to “go look for his finger in the exhaust bin.”

Finally, I started metal shop. I really liked this class where we learned to grind, forge, and use a lathe. Towards the end of the class we learned how to weld on an ancient Lincoln 225-amp stick welder. I loved welding and created many projects with my new-found skill. Towards the end of the semester as I was welding my final project, I discovered the true power of electricity. I had been electrocuted before, but nothing serious. As I lowered my helmet and struck an arc, I somehow inserted myself in the circuit of the welder. I was blown several feet away from the welder. My chest swelled up and I felt like I had been in a car wreck. There were burn marks on my legs and I was struggling to breath. My teacher must not have wanted this incident on his record because he gave me a glass of water and sent me to my next class. I felt horrible the rest of the day and for several days later. After this incident, I resigned from welding the rest of the semester. In fact, until recently, I have had no desire to weld at all since this episode of almost 40 years ago.

You have heard of the idea of getting back on the horse after falling off. The thought behind this is, you need to get back on the horse quickly before developing a fear that will keep you from horseback riding.  As much as I enjoyed welding, this shock made continuing to participate in this interesting hobby a low priority. I simply could not get back on the horse.

Finally, after several decades, I have decided to try my hand at welding again. I must admit I am a bit nervous about getting back into welding. I have read a lot of instructional material and watched several videos on how to safely weld. The new welder is now several months old, yet I have only tried it a few times. Because I avoided welding for so long, I developed a phobia, or irrational fear, of welding. Clearly the best course of action would have been to weld again immediately after my incident.

The key lesson here to not be discouraged by a failure, such as this welding incident. It is important to dust yourself off, or in my case heal up from electrocution, and try again. Sometimes we give up on something after receiving negative feedback. Dedication and training are important if we want to succeed in something we enjoy. Don’t take it to heart and give up when people tell you about a lack of ability or talent in a subject. During my career, I was told many times about my lack of ability on the topics of finance and writing. After a few years of resigning myself to failure in those areas, I decided to develop an improvement plan. While I am clearly not an expert in finance and writing, I have worked to develop an average level of competency. When you are given negative feedback, hopefully in a constructive manner, look at it as an opportunity to improve. In fact, someone may have done you a huge favor by pointing out an area of focus for improvement. Once aware of where to concentrate, it is up to you to act to develop an improvement plan. Whether it is taking formal classes or simply watching a video, the learning options are almost limitless. Persistence and determination are often overlooked, but valuable attributes. In our constant quest for improvement, we will occasionally be “bucked off the horse.” Don’t give allow yourself time to develop fears, get right back in the saddle!

Make the most of this day!

Sleazy Boss

I have been slowly making my way through the latest Ken Burns documentary film on the Vietnam War. This is a very good series that successfully brings back many memories and provides an educational perspective on a turbulent time in American history. While there are many interesting elements to this documentary, I want to briefly consider some of the character, or lack thereof, attributes of Richard Nixon.

My first awareness and recollection of a national election was the 1968 campaign between Richard Nixon and Hubert Humphrey. My father was a big supporter of Richard Nixon. I recall my father playing dominos with my grandmother (his mother in law). During these games the topic of politics always surfaced. My grandmother was a hard-core Roosevelt Democrat who was fully supporting Humphrey. I learned a lot about politics during their civil and respectful disagreements.

As we all know, Nixon won the election but ended up resigning the presidency in disgrace 6 years later. I was a student of Watergate and have a good understanding of how Nixon’s presidency came unwound. After watching the Vietnam documentary, I learned more very disturbing facts about Nixon’s self-centred and flawed obsession with power.

During the 1968 presidential campaign, President Johnson was making progress in bringing all parties to the negotiating table with the intent of ending the Vietnam War. Nixon was concerned the Democrats would win the election if real progress was made towards ending the war. Nixon instructed his cronies to do everything possible to disrupt the peace process. The details of the story can be found here Nixon Delays Peace Process. In essence, Nixon attempted to delay the end of the war to win an election. It is not clear if this peace effort would have actually ended the war sooner but what is now known is Nixon tried to disrupt the process.

I wonder how Nixon’s underlings reacted to his request to delay the peace process and potentially extend the Vietnam War? These folks had to know Nixon’s request was immoral but, as far as we know, they did not object and did attempt to implement the plan. This brings me to a key question; how do you react when your boss assigns an unethical task?

I faced this question early in my career. While working as an entry level engineer, I was assigned the task of ordering parts for our prototypes. We had an urgent need for a part to meet our development schedule. The company where I worked had a rather tedious process for assigning purchase order numbers. My boss was in a huge hurry and told me to use an old purchase order number to get the desired part as soon as possible. Even at this early stage of my career and maturity into adulthood, I knew this was wrong. Unfortunately, I did not have the skills or fortitude to get out of this situation. I ordered the part with an old purchase order. We did get the part quickly but a few weeks later I received a call from the division controller. It is not possible to overstate how furious this guy was with me. He used words I had never heard before. He didn’t seem interested in my wimpy plea that I was ordered to do this sleazy deed by my boss. This phone call had a lasting impression on me and I vowed to maintain high moral standards on the job as I moved forward through my career. Even though there have been a few close calls, I have been able to avoid any ethic issue for over 30 years.

I would like to say the reason for my success is my high moral character, but the truth is I have had some great bosses. What do you if your boss asks you to do something immoral or illegal? The obvious advice is to refuse the request. Unfortunately, life is not so simple. There is a risk of declining an assignment. This risk could reveal itself in the termination of employment. Taking a stand that results in the quick loss of a job is not always the best course of action. This is especially true if you are the sole provider for your household. Still, what should we do, living under the thumb of an unethical boss is a miserable and risky life. Potential paths of action depend on your situation. If you work at an ethical company that provides a safe avenue to report questionable behavior, even though there remains some risk, I suggest taking this path. I was fortunate to work for many years at one of the most ethical companies in the industry. If there is not trusted way to report unethical behavior of a supervisor without fear of reprisal or retaliation, you will have to pursue a different path.

If you are stuck working for an unethical boss, the objective should be to get away from the situation. You may not be able to do this immediately meaning you will have to live with the flawed character for a while. Once you have the feeling that your boss is unethical, you should begin the steps of trying to find another job. Since looking for a job can take a while, there is a chance the unethical boss will be removed. In the end, unethical bosses are eventually ejected, sometimes it seems to take forever. During the young and impatient days of my career, I had a coworker tell me that “sanity will prevail.” This was sage advice and I have seen unethical situations resolve themselves simply by waiting them out.

I have always been fascinated by the story of Enron. This is a tale of how greed and an obsession for power corrupted an entire corporation and delivered a devastating financial impact to millions of people. Even in this morass of perverted immorality, there were a few people who were able to hang on to their ethics and blow the whistle on the corruption. For a glimpse into one of the darkest stories in American corporate culture, I recommend reading The Smartest Guy in the Room.

Chances are you will find yourself working for an unethical boss at some point during your career. The most important steps are to recognizes the unethical situation and begin moving away. It may take some time to extradite yourself from the situation but as long as you are moving away, you are on the right path. Another suggestion is to find a trusted person in which you can confide about the situation. I recommend approaching and experienced person with no connections your employment. Also, never underestimate the value of an ethical boss. As a potential employee, questions should be asked to find out the ethics of a future boss when going through the interview process. Is your current boss ethical? If so great, enjoy the peace that comes with a boss of strong character! If not, start planning to move away, a lack of ethics will eventually come out into the light. When the honest facts are clear, you don’t want to be part of the problem, you want to be part of the solution.

Make the most of this day!